Members of the Iraqi Federal Police patrol the streets of Baghdad's Shula district (AFP)
Iraqi forces launched a major operation against remnants of the Islamic State (IS) group on Wednesday following public anger over the militants' murder of a group of abducted civilians.
Dubbed "Vengeance for the Martyrs", the operation will see army, special forces, police and Kurdish peshmerga fighters hunting down IS cells in the centre of the country, Iraq's Joint Operations Command (JOC) said in a statement.
It comes after the bodies of eight IS captives were found late last month along a highway north of Baghdad. Some of the abductees had appeared in a video in which IS threatened to execute them unless Baghdad released female prisoners.
The JOC statement said army, federal police, special forces, peshmerga fighters and the Hashd al-Shaabi (PMUs) had launched "a vast operation to clear out the region east of the Diyala-Kirkuk" highway.
The operation was being supported by the Iraqi air force and the US-led coalition that intervened against IS in Iraq and Syria after the militants seized control of large parts of both countries in 2014.
One militant had already been killed and eight captured, the JOC said, adding that equipment including vehicles and bombs had been destroyed.
The operation marked the first time that federal Iraqi forces and the peshmerga were working together since clashes following last year's Kurdish independence referendum.
A senior peshmerga official told the Kurdistan24 news site that it was still not certain whether Kurdish forces would return to areas outside the official jurisdiction of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG).
“So far, there is no official request from the Iraqi side to the Peshmerga Ministry for the Kurdish forces to return to disputed areas,” said Brigadier General Sheikh Kamal.
"There is no agreement between the peshmerga forces and the Iraqi army yet.”
Iraq declared victory over IS in December after expelling the militants from all major towns and cities in a vast offensive.
But the Iraqi military has kept up operations targeting mostly remote desert areas from where militants have continued to carry out attacks.
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi had vowed to avenge the eight civilians killed by IS and ordered the execution of hundreds of convicted militants. Thirteen militants on death row were executed last week.